One year after the reporting of the first case of Covid-19 in Albania, it was necessary to have an overview of the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices that Albanian residents have towards this completely new reality.
IDRA Research and Consulting has been contracted by UNICEF and USAID to conduct a survey study on this purpose.
The survey included a representative sample of approximately 1000 respondents aged 18 to 64, from all regions of Albania. The interviews were conducted using computer-assisted telephone interviews, between 7 and 24 November 2020.
This survey study report gives insights into the level of knowledge that people have about Covid-19 symptoms and to measure the level of attitude and practices for preventing the disease.
The study reveals a good level of knowledge among the population of the symptoms of Covid-19: fever (mentioned by 83%) and cough (60%), while one in three respondents were aware of the shortness of breath and loss of taste and smell. Lesser-known symptoms include nausea (4%), runny nose (3%), and confusion (2%). Women show a higher level of knowledge of Covid-19 symptoms than men.
According to the survey, the respondents apply all standard practices to limit the spread of the disease to a good level, and practices related to hygiene (handwashing, disinfecting surfaces, wearing masks) are mostly always applied. From the other hand, it reveals that practices related to social behavior, such as keeping distance, avoiding going to bars and restaurants, not leaving the home unless necessary, and avoiding physical contact with ones closest are not always applied.
The survey has included also the financial situation, where about 40 percent of respondent households spent the same amount of money in the previous two months as they would normally spend, though about 60 percent declared that their incomes had decreased. About 40 percent of respondents think that their financial situation will stay the same and about 30 percent that it will worsen.
National TV and social media are the most common sources of information used by respondents for keeping informed about Covid-19. Significant differences are seen among the different age groups, with young respondents using social media as their main source of information and older age groups using national TV channels. Family, friends and colleagues remain another important source of information with about one in three respondents.